Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis?

Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis

Are you having trouble differentiating between Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis? It is crucial to understand that every condition is different from the other, and each of them has its characteristics, signs and symptoms, and requires different treatments.

Osteoarthritis is a typical kind of arthritis, which is inflammation and deterioration of joints. It is as a result of daily wear and tear and is most common in adults.

Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease whereby the bones become weak and brittle, causing you to be at a higher risk of bone fractures. This condition happens when changes in your body cause your bones to become weaker, and leading to risks of injury.

Differences between Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis

Though these words may sound the same, Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis are two different conditions. They differ in causes, symptoms, diagnosis, risk factors, natural home remedies, and treatments. Below are the detailed differences:

Causes

Osteoporosis is caused by one or more underlying problems like calcium deficiency, vitamin D deficiency, or hormonal changes. Osteoarthritis is caused by continued wear and tear on the joints.

Risk factors

Some risk factors of Osteoarthritis include:

  • Joint injuries
  • Aging
  • Repeated stresses to joints
  • Bone deformities
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Certain diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis

Some risk factors for Osteoporosis are:

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  • Smoking and Alcohol consumption
  • Menopause
  • Medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism
  • Low calcium and vitamin D intake
  • Bone fractures
  • Lack of exercise
  • Small or thin body

Signs and symptoms

These are the signs and symptoms of Osteoarthritis:

  • Joints stiffness, swelling, tenderness, and bumps
  • Pain in the joints like hips, knee, hands, spine, and neck
  • Joint deformity
  • Notable limping when you are walking
  • Crackling sounds when the joint is moved

Osteoporosis is referred to as a “silent disease” since it can progress for an extended period before it is diagnosed. People affected by osteoporosis can sometimes lack symptoms until the onset of:

  • Severe back pain
  • Change in posture
  • Height loss which is brought about by spinal bone compression fractures
  • Bone fractures

Natural home remedies

These home remedies help with symptom relief but may not immediately address the underlying issues.

Home remedies for Osteoarthritis are:

  • Epsom salt baths
  • Regular exercise
  • Healthy and balanced diet
  • Over-the-counter medications
  • Hot and cold compresses

Natural home remedies for Osteoporosis pain include:

  • Supports and braces
  • Massage therapy
  • A diet rich in antioxidants and micronutrients

Please check with your physician about natural or other treatment options.

Treatment and surgery

Osteoporosis treatment and surgery

Osteoporosis pharmaceutical treatments include the prescription of bisphosphonates, e.g., Reclast, Boniva, and Actonel with calcium. Osteoporosis may also be treated surgically with joint replacement or other measures.

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Osteoarthritis treatment and surgery

The general treatments for Osteoarthritis include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen. Other individuals suffering from this disease may need narcotic therapy to relieve severe pain. Some may also be recommended to receive corticosteroid injections or surgical joint replacement.

It is clear that Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis are very different diseases, and they require appropriate diagnosis and treatment. If you are looking more information about these conditions, be free to contact OSTEGO for more information.

References

Jan Revella, R. (2017). OSTEOARTHRITIS VS OSTEOPOROSIS: DIFFERENT DISEASES, DIFFERENT TREATMENTS, SONORANSPINE

Schroeder, M. O. (2020, Jan 30). What is the Difference between Osteoporosis and Osteoarthritis?

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