Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Carol Hamilton Zehnacker 1, Anita Bemis-Dougherty 2
The studies included in this review provide evidence to support the use of weighted exercise to increase Bone Mineral Density in postmenopausal women, in order to prevent or reduce the effects of osteoporosis. Therapeutic exercise programs should be site-specific for the hip, spine, and wrist; which are the areas most frequently affected in patients with osteoporosis. The exercise protocol should include sufficient intensity to influence bone formation. Exercise sessions should be performed 3 to 5 times per week for at least 45 minutes, and be incorporated into long-standing lifestyle change. Physical therapists can play an important role in prevention and in helping postmenopausal women make lifestyle changes by incorporating periodization to avoid injuries and motivate their patients.